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Athlete's Foot

Athlete's foot (Tinea pedis)

Athlete's foot is the most common fungal infection. Athlete's foot occours in between the gap of your toe and around the feet also. Its medical name is Tinea Pedis and causes flaking and scaling on the skin that give itching sensations. Athlete's Foot is caused due to moisture in toes, walking bare foot in moist areas where fungi grows like gyms, bathrooms. It gives burning and itching effects in the skin. Athlete's foot generally occurs in toes but in some cases it can spread to groin areas also. It is a contagious disease that can transmit from people to people. It can affect people of every age group. It is caused by Dermatophytes and is caused by fungi named Anthropophile.

Causes of Athlete's Foot

Athlete's Foot can be cause by two types of fungus they are Trichophyton mentagrophytes which can be easily treated and second one is Trichophyton rubrum which is difficult to treat. Some of the causes of this infection are-

  • Floors of public places that are moist and warm like public showers and swimming pools.
  • Coming in contact with people affected by this infection.
  • People who dont dry there feet properly after getting them wet can also cause fungi to grow in feet.
  • Socks and shoes can also cause Athlete's foot .
  • Walking bare foot
  • Sweating
  • Generally fungi grows on the upper layer of skin and do no harm to the skin but once they get your wet skin and a little humid they rapidly grows and as a result infections.

Its a contagious disease that can transmit rapidly if you get in contact with the fungi. Athlete's Foot is curable infection , if you get it once it can appear again so take preventive measures to avoid this Infection

Symptoms of Athlete's Foot

If your toe or foot skin have cracking , peeling and itching in the skin then it might be the Athlete's Foot. Infection varies from people to people but some of the general symptoms to know if you have Athlete's foot are-

  • Redness, itching and blisters on the foot skin or between the toes.
  • Cracking of the skin and itching sensation between them.
  • Sometimes it give burning sensations also.
  • Skin seems to be moist and pale white at the starting
  • Your bottom sides of the foot becomes dry.
  • It can appear with other ringworms also like Jock itch

If not treated it can spread to your nails and you can also have fungal infection of nail called as Tinea unguium.

How to Prevent Athlete's Foot?

Through preventive measures you can easily and effectively prevent Athlete's Foot. Some of the prevention measures are-

  • Dry your foot well after you take bath or swimming
  • Wear airy shoes so that air can pass through it.
  • Change your shoes and socks twice a day with another pair and wash them also between two days.
  • Dry your toe completely before wearing shoes and socks and dont wear wet socks as it may lead to the fungus to grow well.
  • Use anti fungal powder in between toes .
  • Wear sandals or shoes while going to public pools or showers.
  • Use cotton socks that absorbs sweat effectively
  • Dont share shoes and socks with others.

Whenever you take bath dry your groin area first and then your feet and wear socks then Your undergarment this can prevent fungi to spread to groin area.

Athlete's Foot Treatment and Drugs

There are various anti fungal powders and creams that can be used to treat Athlete's foot.

  • Antifungal powders and Creams are availble in the market which can be bought without prescription such as miconazole nitrate, clotrimazole, tolnaftate (a synthetic thiocarbamate), nystatin, terbinafine hydrochloride, butenafine hydrochloride, and undecylenic acid.
  • Keeping Your toe dry can slow down the growth of the fungus
  • If the creams and powders does not affects the skin and is not curing the infection then you should seek the doctors they will give you a strong and prescribed drugs.
  • Use the drugs for 2 weeks regularly to eliminate the fungus.

Some of the home remedies are Tea tree oil, garlic can be used to treat mild Athlete's foot.

Some of the Drugs are -

  • Miconazole
  • Terbinafine
  • Tolnaftate
  • drying solution of aluminum acetate
  • Clotrimazole

Seek the doctor if it does not improve in two weeks. Taking preventive measures are the best way to avoid any kind of fungal infection stay clean stay disease free.

Fungal Infection