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Women Hair Loss Treatment

Women got an advantage over men when talk is about women hair loss treatment. Normally physicians often choose topical treatments (those that are applied directly to the scalp) as pills needs entire study of the body ( level of endrogen). Hair loss treatment is good if starts early as soon as possible.

FDA only approved one treatment till now for female pattern baldness. Here some of the best and effective treatments we are discussing. These treatments vary from person to person, but many women have found them positive.

  • Minoxidil 2% Topical Treatment - First used to control high blood pressure but due to its hair growth side effects, its solution could be used to stimulate hair growth. Women with diffuse androgenetic alopecia can use minoxidil. Many dermatologists do prescribe minoxidil 5% for women with androgenetic alopecia if used under their supervision, but FDA approved only minoxidil 2% for women and minoxidil 5% for men.
  • Androgen Receptor Inhibitors -
    • Aldactone / Spironolactone - Spironolactone, brand name Aldactone falls in the class of potassium-sparing diuretics (water pill) drugs. It is used to treat hypertension, edema (swelling), potassium deficiency and hyperaldosteronism (a hormonal disorder). Aldactone is an antiandrogen, so it can be used for hair growth. It works in two steps. First it slows down the production of androgens in the adrenal glands and ovaries. Second it blocks the action of androgens in part by preventing dihydrotestosterone from binding to its androgenetic receptor.
    • Tagamet / Cimetidine - Cimetidine, brand name Tagamet falls in histamine blockers class and used to treat gastrointestinal ulcers. It prevents the stomach from producing excess acid and helps in healing ulcers.Tagamet also shows anti-androgenic effect by blocking dehydrotestosterone to bind the follicle receptor sites. It is also used to treat hirsuitism in women (excess facial hair growth). Men should not take it due to its possible feminizing effects including adverse sexual side effects.
    • Cyproterone Acetate - Used for reducing sex drive in men who have it in excess. Cyproterone acetate exerts its effects by blocking the binding of DHT dihydrotestosterone to its receptors. It is not available in the US and too much toxic and long term side effects.
  • Estrogen/Progesterone - Commonly prescribed at menopause and also named as hormone replacement therapy (HRT). Its pills and creams are mostly used to treat androgenetic alopecia for women in menopause or whose estrogen and/or progesterone are lacking for other reasons.
  • Oral Contraceptives - These pills decrease the production of ovarian androgens, they can be used to treat women's androgenetic alopecia but should be taken under guided supervision of a doctor. Low androgen index birth control pills can also be used.
  • Nizoral/Ketoconazole - Ketoconazole is used as an antifungal agent in the treatment of fungal infections but also has anti-androgenic effects and can cause a reduction in the production of testosterone and other androgens by the adrenal gland.Nizoral shampoo contains 2 percent Ketoconazole.
  • Propecia/Proscar - Inhibits the enzyme 5-alpha reductase, as a result reduce the production of prostate-harming, follicle killing DHT.
  • Cyproterone Acetate with Ethinyloestradiol - Sold under Diane 35 and Diane 50 brand name, it is a ontraceptive tablet is prescribed in Europe for women's androgenetic alopecia. The drug works by blocking some of the actions of male hormones commonly present in women.

Women Hair Loss